您的位置: 旅游网 > 明星

2011考研英语写作模式指导

发布时间:2020-09-14 01:31:02
2011考研英语写作模式指导 考研英语写作的文章一般包括一个开头段、若干扩展段和一个结尾段。开头段和结尾段一般比扩展段短。各种段落的作用、特点和写作方法如下所示。 一、开头段 开头段一定要语言精练,并且直接切入主题。开头段一般不对主题进行深入的探讨,具体的论证或叙述应该在扩展段进行。 开头段的常用核心句型: earguermayberightabout,butheseemstoneglect(fail)tomention(takesintoaccount)thefactthat。 opposedto(Contraryto)widely(commonly/generally)held(accepted)belief(ideas/views),Ibelieve(argue)that thoughmanypeoplebelievethat,Idoubt(wonder)whethertheargumentbearsmuchanalysis(closeexamination)。 eadvantagesofBoutweighanybenefitwegainedfrom(carrymoreweightthanthoseof/aremuchgreaterthan)A. thoughitiscommonly(widely/generally)held(felt/accepted/agreed)that,itisunlikelytobetruethat。 ereisanelementoftruthinthisargument(statement),butitignoresadeeperandmorebasic(important/essential)fact(reason)that。 istruethat(True,/Tobesure,/Admittedly,),butthisisnottosay(itisunlikely/itdoesntfollow/itdoesntmean/itwontbethecase)that。 emain(obvious/great)problem(flaw/drawback)with(in)thisargument(view/remark)isthatitisignorantof(blindto)thebasic(bare)factth主管桌at。 wouldbepossible(natural/reasonable)tothink(believe/taketheview)that,butitwouldbeabsurd(wrong)toclaim(argue)that。 allthediscussionanddebateover,oneimportant(basic)factisgenerallyoverlooked(neglected)。 ereisabsolutely(infact)no(every)reasonforustobelieve(accept/resist/reject)that。 gical(Valid/Sound)asthisargumentandIwholeheartedlyagreewithit,itappearsinsignificant(absurd)whenistakenintoconsideration(account)。 assume(suggest)thatisfarfrombeingproved(tomissthepoint)。 lose(careful)inspection(examination/scrutiny)ofthisargumentwouldrevealhowflimsy(groundless/fallacious)itis. thesurface(Atfirstthought),it(this)mayseemasound(anattractive)suggestion(solution/idea),butcarefulweighingonthemind(oncloseranalysis/onsecondthought),wefindthat omuchemphasisplacedon(attentionpaidto/importanceattachedto)mayobscure(overlook/neglect)otherfacts。 edanger(problem/fact/truth/point)isthat。 atthearguerfailstounderstand(consider/mention)isthat。 weverjust(logical/sound/valid)thisargumentmaybe,itonlyskimsthesurfaceoftheproblem. ongthemostconvincing(important)reasonsgiven(cited/offered/identified)bypeoplefor,oneshouldbestressed(emphasized/mentioned)。 farasIamconcerned,however,Ibelievethat。 elievethatthetitlestatementisvalidbecause(of)。 greewiththeabovestatementbecauseIbelievethat。 thoughIappreciatethat,Icannotagreewiththetitlestatement. ereisapubliccontroversynowadaysovertheissueof。Thosewhoobjecttoarguethat。Butpeoplewhofavor,ontheotherhand,arguethat。 rrently(Inrecentyears/Inthepastfewyears/Formanyyearsnow),thereis(hasbeen)a(n)general(widespread/growing/widelyheld)feelingtowards(concernover/attitudetowards/trendtowards/awarenessof/realizationof/illusionof/beliefin)。 witiscommonly(widely/generally/increasingly)believed(thought/held/accepted/felt/recognized/acknowledged)that。ButIwonder(doubt)whether。 esedaysweareoftentoldthat(oftenhearabout),butisthisreallythecase? 二、中间段 中间段是文章的正文,其作用是从不同的层面对文章主题进行具体和详实的解释和论证。 1、中间段的一般特征 ①篇幅一般比开头段和结尾段长。 ②每段有相应的主题句。 ③包含定义、解释、描写,说明主题思想的扩展句可以采用实例、数据或个人经历等写作手段。 ④不同种类的段落采用不同的扩展手段。 2.中间段的常用核心句型: thoughthepopularbeliefisthat,acurrent(new/recent)study(survey/poll/investigation)indicates(shows/demonstrates)that。 monsensetellsusthat。 eincrease(change/failure/success)inmainly(largely/partly)resultsfrom(arisesfrom/isbecauseof)。 eincrease(change/failure/success)inisdueto(owingto/attributableto)thefactthat。 nypeoplewouldclaimthat。 emayattribute(ascribe/owe)theincrease(decrease/change)to,butisnotbyitselfanadequateexplanation. eofthereasonsgivenforisthat。 atisalsoworthnoticingisthat。 erearemany(different/several/anumberof/avarietyof)causes(reasons)forthisdramatic(marked/significant)growth(change/decline/increase)in。First,。Second,。Finally,。 ereisnoevidencetosuggestthat。 yare(is/do/did)?Foronething,。Foranother,。 otherreasonwhyIdisputetheabovestatementisthat。 givesriseto(leadto/bring/create)ahostofproblems(consequences)。 erearenumerousreasonswhy,andIshallhereexploreonlyafewofthemostimportantones. willexert(have/produce)profound(far-reaching/remarkable/considerable/beneficial/favorable/undesirable/disastrous)effect(influence)on。 ultitudeoffactorscouldaccountfor(contributeto/leadto/resultin/influence)thechange(increase/decrease/success/failure/development)in。 2000,itincreased(rose/jumped/shotup)from5to10percentofthetotal(to15percent/by15percent)。 comparisonwith2002,itdecreased(dropped/fell)from10to5percent(to15percent/by15percent)。 accountsfor15percentofthetotal. erewere100trafficaccidentsinApril,anincreaseof5percentinafive-monthperiod. 2002,only(lessthan/morethan/almost/about/over/asmanyas)threequarters(40percentof/oneoutoffive/oneinfour)collegepopulation(graduates/housewives)asagainst(ascomparedwith)lastyear(2002)preferredto(liked)。ththedevelopment(improvement/rise/growth/generalrecognition/acknowledgement/realization)of,vastchangesawaitsthiscountryssociety. wpeopleingrowing(ever-increasing/significant)numbersarebeginning(coming/getting)tobelieve(realize/recognize/understand/accept/see/beaware)that。 cordingtoa(n)recent(new/official)study(survey/report/poll),。 story(Oursociety)isfilled(abounds)withtheexamplesof。 estory(case/instance/situation)isnotrare(isolated/unique),itisoneofmanyexamples(typicalofdozens)。 27.A(one)recent(new/general/nationwide)study(survey/poll/investigation)conducted(taken)atauniversityby(officials/scientists/experts)indicates(reveals/suggests/shows/proves/demonstrates)that。 cordingto(Ascanbeseenin/Asisshownin)thefigures(statistics/findings/data/graph/table)released(provided)bythegovernment(aninstitute),itcanbelearned(seen/predicted)that。 ereis(no)good(every/little/sufficient/considerable/strong)evidence(proof)to rsonalexperience(ExamplesIheard/readof)leadsmetoconcludethat。 mustadmittheundeniablefactthat。 onecandeny(ignore/doubt/overlook/obscure/brushaside)thefactthat。 perience(Evidence)suggests(shows)that。 keforexamplewho(that)。 esameistrueof。 thesayinggoes,。 三、结尾段 结尾段的核心句型: omwhathasbeendiscussedabove(Takingintoaccountallthesefactors/Judgingfromallevidenceoffered),wemaysafelydraw(reach/cometo/arriveat)theconclusionthat。 ltheevidence(analysis)supports(justifies/confirms/warrants/pointsto)a(n)unshakable(unmistakable/sound/just)conclusionthat。 ishightimethatweplace(lay/put)great(special/considerable)emphasisontheimprovement(development/increase/promotion)of。 ishightimethatweputanendtothedeep-seated(unhealthy/undesirable/deplorable)situation(tendency/phenomenon)of。 mustlook(search/call/cry)foranimmediateaction(method/measure),becausethepresent(current)situation(phenomenon/tendency/state/attitude)of,ifpermitted(allowed)tocontinue(proceed),willsurely(certainly)leadto(resultin)theend(destruction/heavycost)of。 ereisnoeasy(immediate/effective)solution(approach/answer/remedy)totheproblemof,butmightbeuseful(helpful/beneficial)。 easymethod(solution/recipe/remedy)canbeathand(found/guaranteed)tosolve(resolve/tackle)theproblemof,butthecommon(general/public)recognitionof(realizationof/awarenessof/commitmentto)thenecessity(importance/significance)ofmightbethefirststeptowardschange(ontherightway/in电动筛子therightdirection)。 llowingthesemethods(suggestions)maynotguaranteethesuccessin(solutionto),butthepay-offwillbeworththeeffort. viously(Clearly/Nodoubt),ifweignore(areblindto)theproblem,thereiseverychancethat。 lessthereisacommonrealizationof(generalcommitmentto),itisverylikely(thechancesaregood)that。 ereislittledoubt(nodenying)thatserious(special/adequate/immediate/further)attentionmustbecalled(paid/devoted)totheproblemof。 isnecessary(essential/fundamental)thateffective(quick/proper)action(steps/measures/remedies)shouldbetakentoprevent(correct/check/end/fight)thesituation(tendency/phenomenon)。 ishoped(suggested/recommended)thatgreat(continuous/persistent/sustained/corporate)effortsshouldbemadetocontrol(check/halt/promote)thegrowth(increase/rise)of。 ishopedthatgreateffortsshouldbedirectedto(expendedon/focusedon)finding(developing/improving)。 remainstobeseenwhether,buttheprospect(outlook)isnotquiteencouraging(thatrosy)。 yhow,wider(more)education(publicity)shouldbegiventothepossible(potential/grave/serious/pernicious)consequences(effects)of。 reverse(check/control)thetrend(tendency)isnotalighttask(aneasyjob),anditrequires(demands/involves/entails)adifferentstateofmindtowards(attitudetowards/outlookon)。 rthesereasons,Istronglyrecommendthat。 rthereasonsgivenabove,Ifeelthat。 四、段落扩展中的常用词语 1、总结关系过渡词语 generallyspeaking,generally,asageneralrule,ingeneral,onalargerscale,totaketheideafurther,totaketheaboveopiniontoanextreme,inasense,inonesense,inaway,tosomeextent,inmyopinion,inmyview,asforme,asfarasIamconcerned,obviously,undoubtedly,intermsof,inconclusion,inshort,inbrief,insummary,inaword,onthewhole,tosumup,toconclude 2、比较对比关系过渡词语 s不锈钢风球imilarly,likewise,like,too,equallyimportant,thesameas,incommon,inthesameway,onthecontrary,ontheonehand,ontheotherhand,otherwise,insharpcontrast,whereas,ratherthan,conversely,instead,in/bycontrast,but,however,yet,nevertheless 3、列举关系过渡词语 forexample,forinstance,asanexample,asacaseinpoint,suchas,namely,thatis,like,thus,first,second,third,finally,inthefirstplace,initially,firstofall,tobeginwith,tostartwith,whatismore,furthermore,eventually,besides,inaddition(tothat),firstandforemost,lastbutnotleast,next,also,moreover,foronething,foranother 4、因果关系过渡词语 because(of),as,since,for,owingto,dueto,thanksto,onaccountof,asaresultof,resultin(from),consequently,forthereasonthat,asaconsequence,consequently,iffollowsthat,accordingly,therefore,hence 5、让步关系过渡词语 although,eventhough,afterall,inspiteof,despite,grantedthat 6、强调关系过渡词语 anyway,certainly,surely,obviously,tobesure,especially,particularly,aboveall,indeed,infact,evenworse,needlesstosay,mostimportantofall,nodoubt 相关热词:考研英语英语指导英语写作模式
固原牛皮癣医院那个好
石嘴山牛皮癣医院那个好
吴忠牛皮癣医院那个好
银川牛皮癣医院那个好
猜你会喜欢的
猜你会喜欢的